But it will be done. Whether it will become a force for good or ill depends on man, and only if the United States occupies a position of pre-eminence can we help decide whether this new ocean will be a sea of peace or a new terrifying theater of war. He mentions that the path to space is not going to be easy and does not deny that it will be expensive, whereby strengthening his honesty appeal. Considering this was such a tumultuous time in American history I like your idea of setting the scene of the era with your introduction. But if I were to say, my fellow citizens, that we shall send to the Moon, 240,000 miles away from the control station in Houston, a giant rocket more than 300-feet tall — the length of this football field — made of new metal alloys, some of which have not yet been invented, capable of standing heat and stresses several times more than have ever been experienced, fitted together with a precision better than the finest watch, carrying all the equipment needed for propulsion, guidance, control, communications, food and survival, on an untried mission, to an unknown celestial body, and then return it safely to Earth, re-entering the atmosphere at speeds of over 25,000 miles per hour, causing heat about half that of the temperature of the Sun — almost as hot as it is here today — and do all this, and do it right, and do it first before this decade is out — then we must be bold. We have felt the ground shake and the air shattered by the testing of a , many times as powerful as the Atlas which launched John Glenn, generating power equivalent to 10,000 automobiles with their accelerator on the floor.
Why, 35 years ago, fly the Atlantic? He allows the audience time to laugh at his few humorous quips, and indeed pauses to laugh himself. For the eyes of the world now look into space, to the Moon and to the planets beyond, and we have vowed that we shall not see it governed by a hostile flag of conquest, but by a banner of freedom and peace. The Soviet Union no longer exists, and its descendant state, Russia, is now a key spaceflight partner of the United States. Less than a year later, in September 1962, he further sought the support of not only the government, but also the American people, in his mission to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade. Tiros satellites have given us unprecedented warnings of hurricanes and storms and will do the same for forest fires and icebergs. I really loved your analysis of this amazing speech.
However, his military advisors persuaded him that the offer was a good one, as it would enable the Soviet Union to acquire American technology. If this capsule history of our progress teaches us anything, it is that man, in his quest for knowledge and progress, is determined and cannot be deterred. The printing press came this year and then less than two months ago, during this whole 50-year span of human history, the steam engine provided a new source of power. But it will be done. But why, some say, the moon? While his rhetorical purpose for the Communist leadership was to frighten, the purpose to the American audience was to put muscle behind the tough stance the United States had taken against Russia.
Whether it will become a force for good or ill depends on man, and only if the United States occupies a position of pre-eminence can we help decide whether this new ocean will be a sea of peace or a new terrifying theater of war. Likewise, the choice of Rice, a prestigious university, indicates that Mr. Houston, your City of Houston, with its Manned Spacecraft Center, will become the heart of a large scientific and engineering community. Mission accomplished Without mentioning the Soviet Union by name, Kennedy -- spooked by that nation's stunning space advances -- made it plain that it was his intention to beat the Kremlin at its own game, to be first militarily and technologically. Transit satellites are helping our ships at sea to steer a safer course. Fifty years ago today Sept.
. I see The Dawn mission as the pathfinder for phase 2. Yet the vows of this nation can only be fulfilled if we in this nation are first, and, therefore, we intend to be first. In honor of Kennedy's historic speech, below are some documents and other information relating to the decision to go to the Moon and Project Apollo that we hope you find useful. The price tag of the entire operation was well in the billions, but Kennedy logically broke down the costs to fifty cents per week for every America; a reasonable sum when considering the costs of not reaching space first. Vice President, Governor, Congressman Thomas, Senator Wiley, and Congressman Miller, Mr. It is not an engineering problem, though there are aspects to sort out, it is a funding problem.
We choose to go to the Moon. He was escorted by astronauts Scott Carpenter and John Glenn, and was shown models of the Gemini and Apollo spacecraft. In addition, the Bay of Pigs fiasco in mid-April put unquantifiable pressure on Kennedy. . Globally, the space race played out against the backdrop of the Cold War, and in the U. The exploration of space will go ahead, whether we join in it or not, and it is one of the great adventures of all time, and no nation which expects to be the leader of other nations can expect to stay behind in the race for space. Whether it will become a force for good or ill depends on man, and only if the United States occupies a position of pre-eminence can we help decide whether this new ocean will be a sea of peace or a new terrifying theatre of war.
Kennedy undoubtedly recognized that he was speaking to an audience of scientists, engineers, and students, who understood the profundity of such breakneck advancement. The accuracy of that shot is comparable to firing a missile from Cape Canaveral and dropping it in this stadium between the the 40-yard lines. Many years ago the great British explorer George Mallory, who was to die on Mount Everest, was asked why did he want to climb it. Its hazards are hostile to us all. Space expenditures will soon rise some more, from 40 cents per person per week to more than 50 cents a week for every man, woman and child in the United Stated, for we have given this program a high national priority--even though I realise that this is in some measure an act of faith and vision, for we do not now know what benefits await us.
Kennedy became President of the United States in January 1961, many Americans felt the United States was losing the Space Race with the Soviet Union, which had successfully launched the first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, almost four years earlier. It was a warm, sunny day, and fall classes were not yet under way. Only five years ago man learned to write and use a cart with wheels. . Kennedy is challenging his audience and the American public to rise to the occasion, to demonstrate the best of their skills, and to reinforce American leadership as an innovative power. Newton explored the meaning of gravity.
For space science, like nuclear science and all technology, has no conscience of its own. To be sure, we are behind, and will be behind for some time in manned flight. Last month electric lights and telephones and automobiles and airplanes became available. The jokes elicited cheers and laughter from the audience. Having gone through a buildup which demonstrated to his audience the political, scientific, and ideological importance of space exploration and reaching his thesis on the necessity of a moon landing, Kennedy finally addresses his last point. The accuracy of that shot is comparable to firing a missile from Cape Canaveral and dropping it in this stadium between the 40-yard lines. Only five years ago man learned to write and use a cart with wheels.
Issues in Science and Technology. . What was once the furthest outpost on the old frontier of the West will be the furthest outpost on the new frontier of science and space. For space science, like nuclear science and all technology, has no conscience of its own. And I am delighted that this university is playing a part in putting a man on the moon as part of a great national effort of the United States of America.