That they were highly knowledgeable about banking policies and practices was clearly evident from their mutual discussions about these as they processed applications from customers. Yes no b Category scale : Used to … elicit a single response ex. Shawky 9 Chapter 6 Discussion questions and points to ponder : 1. For some, monetary reward is a measure of success. To ensure both types of validity, researches usually try first to test the causal relationships in a tightly controlled artificial or lab setting, and once the relationship has been Collected by :: Osama A.
Thus, scientific research is not based on hunches, experience, and intuition though these may play a part in final decision making , but is purposive and rigorous. The results showed that employee engagement fully mediated the relationship in a significant way. When controls and manipulation are introduced to establish cause and effect relationships in an artificial setting. The greater the precision and confidence we aim at in our research, the more scientific is the investigation and the more useful are the results. Results of the current study revealed that corporate social responsibility both internal and external and employee engagement vigor, absorption, and dedication have a significant positive relationship with organizational performance. By being able to point out the relevant variables integral to what is of concern to the researchers doing basic research, and by helping them with useful insights, the manager stands to benefit a great deal. As current or prospective practicing managers in organizations, you would be directly or indi- rectly engaged in applied research.
In other words, our hypotheses would not have been supported merely by chance, but are reflective of the true state of affairs in the population. Answer : Awarenesess of information sources and ability to acces the requisite information at will, through the internet, are great assets to the manager. We would only find later that employees still keep quitting, remain absent, and do not develop any sense of commitment to the organization. The similarities and the difference of basic and applied research reports is an axecutive summary in the case of applied original research and a synopsis in the case of basic research. Explain, giving reasons, which is more important, applied or basic research. . What steps would you take to assuage their concerns even before the team sets foot in your department? Answer : This technique is useful in providing an opportunity to express their attitudes of respondents without a personal embarrassment.
Some of them have vast experience working with several types of organiza- tions. Parsimony Simplicity in explaining the phenomena or problems that occur, and in generating solutions for the problem, And it can be introduced with a good understanding of the problem and the important factors that influence it. She also continues to engage in research. Such a futile exer- cise, then, is based on nonscientific interpretation and implementation of the research results. Testability The manager or researcher develops certain hypotheses on how employee commitment can be enhanced, then these can be tested by applying certain statistical tests to the data collected for the purpose. The recom- mendations of the external consultant who is proficient in this technology and urges its application in a particular situation may make no sense to, and might create some misgivings, in the manager not acquainted with research. Example: The greater the stress experienced in the job, the lower the job satisfaction of employees.
Shawky 11 Chapter 7 1. These processes have to be carried out systematically, diligently, critically, objectively, and logically. Readers learn how to develop practical knowledge and skills to understand the ways in which systematic research can be conducted to describe, explain, and predict phenomena of interest pertaining to business. Shawky 5 Chapter 4 1. Comparability, consistency, and wide generalizability are often difficult to obtain in research.
Collected by :: Osama A. Answer : Because a problem could simply indicate an interest in an issue where finding the right answers might help to improve an existing situation. These techniques help the respondent to project their own attitudes and feelings on the subject aware of being studied. The use of questionnaires as data collection methods have several advantages, among them are questions that will be presented to respondents can be standardized, the respondent can answer a questionnaire on their leisure time, the question can be thought of in advance so that answers can be trusted compared with a verbal answer, and questions raised would be more accurate and uniform. Answer : The most appropriate statistical test to examine the effects of treatment, that is paired t-test test.
Further, include a possible variable over which you would have no control buy which could affect you experiment. When is applied research, as distinct from basic research, useful? While a questionnaire said reliable reliably if a person answers to the questions are consistent or stable over time. Therefore, resorting to multimethods of data collection is only going to compound the biases. Losses: Observations depends on observation and memory skills. Identify a broad problem area A drop in sales, frequent production interruptions,… and the like, could attract the attention of manager and catalyze the research project 2. The seven major threats to internal validity are the effects of history, maturation, testing, instrumentation, selection, statistical, regression, and mortality. Collected by :: Osama A.
Define the terms control and manipulation. Employee behaviors such as performance, absenteeism, and turnover 2. Many academicians also have their students do research projects for the class and several organizations allow access to them, asking only that a copy of the research project be made available to them. A grasp of research methods will enable managers to understand, predict, and control their environment. For example, a particular product may not be selling well and the manager might want to find the reasons for this in order to take corrective action. Relate to hired researchers and consultants more effectively.
Scenario 2 Reasons for Absenteeism A university professor wanted to analyze in depth the reasons for absenteeism of employees in organizations. Deduction and Induction Answers to issues can be found either by the process of deduction or the process of induction, or by a combination of the two. Answer : if a problems is a complex one, or if there are likely to be vested interest, or if the very existence of the organization is at stake because of one or more serious problems, it would be advisable to engage external researcher despite the increase cost involve. However, the specific advantages and disadvantages of the external teams may be highlighted. Testability thus becomes another hallmark of scientific research. Thus, ethical behavior pervades each step of the research process—data col- lection, data analysis, reporting, and dissemination of information on the Inter- net, if such an activity is undertaken.
He usually deals with four categories clients, the very rich, rich, upper middle class and middle class. Types of Probability sampling: 1- Unrestricted or simple random sampling: Every element in the population has a known and equal chance of being selected. Applied Research Consider the following two situations cited in Business Week. The cost of hiring an external research team is usually high and is the main deterrent, unless the problems are very critical. Why should one get hung up on the problem definition if one already knows the broad problem are to be studied? The nominal data are summarised by percentages. Preliminary information gathering : this could bo done by talking informally to several people in the work setting or to clients, or to other relevant sources, thereby gathering information on what is happening and why.